User Access Management (UAM) is the process of identifying, tracking, controlling and managing a specified users’ access to a system or application. User Access Management (UAM), is also known as identity and access management (IAM). It is a broad concept that encompasses all policies, processes, methodologies and tools that maintain access privileges within an IT environment. For businesses, this usually includes access to third-party applications, permissions, and security requirements.
With identity and access management, identity management creates, provisions and controls different users, roles, groups and policies, and access management ensures that these roles and policies are followed. A user access management based system stores the different user roles and their profiles, and processes user access requests based on this stored information.
Today, many challenges can arise as companies grow, and the number of individuals with varying roles and responsibilities also grows. They all need access to the right tools at the right time, in order to do their jobs and provisioning access is becoming increasingly more complex, particularly when you introduce shadow IT. Employees are increasingly using external enterprise solutions to do their jobs and an identity and access management solution helps maintain a compliant and correctly provisioned enterprise by providing a seamless way to manage user identities and access all in one place.
User Access Management allows IT administrators to create and manage users and groups, and assign permissions based on user attributes. Users will also often be able to access a large number of SaaS apps directly through a Single Sign-On (SSO) solution, which means fewer password resets for IT and more streamlined workflows for end-users. Just like identity management, user life-cycle management is a key element of user access management. Employee Onboarding and offboarding, department or location changes, etc, all make it more difficult for organisations to make sure that access privileges are appropriate and prevent unwanted accumulation of access rights. User access management ensures that an overview of all permissions of all staff members is maintained at all times.